Citarum river – The Most Polluted River in The World

Citarum river, in Indonesia, possibly the most polluted river in the world, due to mankind’s greed and insensibility regarding environment. Around 5 million people live in the river’s basin, and most of them rely on its flow for their water supply. Heavy pollution of river water by household and industrial waste in the Indonesian province of West Java. Once one of the most beautiful waters in Asia, now the Citarum is a graveyard of debris, where locals, who can no longer fish, risk their lives scavenging for bottles and anything else they might sell for a small profit.

Citarum river

Poor sanitation and hygiene cause 50,000 deaths

Indonesia’s largest river supports more than 30 million residents who rely on the water source for agricultural, domestic and personal use.

However, unregulated factory growth since the area’s rapid industrialisation in the 1980s has choked the Citarum with both human and industrial waste. The river, now known as one of the most polluted in the world, is unrecognisable as part of the Parahyangan region. Over 200 textile factories line the river banks. The dyes and chemicals used in the industrial process – lead, arsenic and mercury amongst them – are churned into the water, changing its colour and lending the area an acrid odour. Plastic, packaging, and other detritus floats in the scummy water, rendering the river’s surface invisible beneath its carpet of junk.

the river Citarum runs over 186 miles from the Wayang Mountain to the Java Sea

The river is heavily polluted by human activity

The river is now coming to be used as a toilet and garbage dumps. Shoes, baby diapers and plastic bottles are floating in the water. Fishermen that used to find fish, is now collecting garbage. One kilogram of plastic generate nearly 0,1$. On the other hand, deforestation happened to be another problem. It is causing erosion so the river becomes more easily to dry and trash cannot flow. Especially in the dry season river issued bitter smell. Sometimes it can make people around to fall unconscious.